Jolanda van Nijen
Collection's Manager at Private Collection of Fine Art, Antiquities and Wine
The two courses on Provenance Research offered on this website are based on the Instructor Angelina Giovani’s own work experience in this field and are exemplary of how to conduct due diligence “with a golden standard”.
This starts with in-depth desktop research which leads to on-site archival research, depending on the findings and the aim of the research.
Angelina shares links of the numerous online databases and resources and highly encourages the participants to create a personal research outline as well as an extensive, continuously updated, personal database. For this, Angelina presents clear mind maps, comments various case studies, and stresses the importance of building up a network in the field.
It is undeniable that thorough due diligence can only be conducted when starting from scratch, starting by examining (ideally physically) the work recto-verso; assiduously annotating all markings and measures; spotting gaps and red flags in the factsheet; consult databases and catalogues raisonné to verify provenance, bibliography exhibition but also market history; timestamp all performed research; building case scenarios, follow all tracks and reach out to all possible relations found and finally update the fact sheet accordingly.
For authentication of a work, Angelina reminds us that provenance research needs to be complemented by connoisseurship and scientific analysis.
Thank you, Angelina, for sharing your expertise and bringing your personal touch to this demanding exercise. You offer an exhaustive overview of a highly complicated and time-consuming discipline”.